Herb name:
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  Achillea millefolium: Yarrow

Uses

Reduces inflammation for colds, wounds, hair growth stimulant


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Type: Herbaceous perennial. Family: Asteraceae

Description:
Yarrow is a small herb that grows up to a metre high, with pink-white flowers and feathery leaves. The aroma of the essential oil is warm, sweet and spicy. Used mainly as a Tea, with leaves & flowers.

Oil Extraction:
The essential oil is produced by steam distillation from dried yarrow flowers.

Colds:
Yarrow is helpful for feverish colds, promoting perspiration, and for head congestion associated with colds and flu.

Treating wounds and open sores, including ulcers. It is a slow healer, but its astringent, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties make it effective.

Hair: stimulates hair growth.

Body: Yarrow is an excellent essential oil for the female reproductive system.

It also acts as a tonic for the circulatory system, making it useful for improving varicose veins, haemorrhoids and chilblains. It can be useful for high blood pressure, rheumatism, arteriosclerosis, and thrombosis.

Yarrow is useful is muscle strains and sprains.

As an aid to the digestive system it can help settle an upset stomach, and is helpful for colic and flatulence. It stimulates secretion of gastric and intestinal glands and improves sluggish digestion - these may indicate a usefulness in aiding irritable bowel syndrome. It can also improve appetite. Yarrow is helpful in cases of diarrhoea.

Further information and references

  Alchemilla mollis : Ladies’ Mantle

Uses

Wound healing, Sore throat, Menstrual regulation, reduce inflammation

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Alchemilla’s anti-inflammatory and toning properties made it an ideal herb to use externally for wounds, sores and ulcers, and as a gargle for laryngitis.
The herb seems to work well in skin creams for rashes, eczema, acne and insect bites & may also help to soften dry and rough skin.

Drinking this antioxidant-rich herbal infusion is a great way to keep your antioxidant levels up and also it has traditionally been used to promote weight loss and to reduce inflammation and gastrointestinal pain.

Alchemilla is bitter and astringent, like other salicylic acid producing plants Plantago.m & Rutas.g

It was found to have particular affinity for the healing of torn membranes.

Plant Parts Used:
The whole above-ground parts of the plant are used in herbal medicine. The herb is gathered during the summer months when the it is in bloom and then dried for later use in tinctures and extracts.

Active Ingredient and Substances
The plant is rich in tannins, salicylic acid, essential oil, bitter substances and phytosterols, vitamin C and numerous minerals.

One of the traditional uses of lady’s mantle is to make an herbal tea in order to strengthen the uterus, and to facilitate easier birth. In addition, the herb is also believed to enhance the formation of milk production after birth.

Used topically as an herbal douche, it can be used as a soothing treatment for various female gynecological disorders, such as vaginal inflammation and discharge.

Dosage and Administration
As a herbal tea: To make a stronger tea the herb can be boiled for few minutes to release as much of the tannis as possible.
As a tincture:
The usual recommended dose is 1-2 ml three times a day.

Antioxidant:
A Bulgarian study published in the November 2006 issue of The Journal of Phytotherapy Research found that an infusion made by steeping dried lady's mantle leaves in hot water had the strongest antioxidant activity among the tested herbal infusions, as determined by the ABTS method. This study assessed the antioxidant activity of infusions of 23 medicinal plants, including pot marigold flowers, barberries, leaves of wild celery, tarragon, bilberries, spearmint and basil. Source

Anti-Influenza:
Pub-med research indicates Anti-influenza activity of Alchemilla mollis extract: A. mollis extract has virucidal or neutralizing activity against influenza virus particles.

  Aloe vera , zebrina

Uses

For skin burns and irritations. Toning, soothing and cooling gel.


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Aloe Vera has long been harvested for its medicinal properties and used extensively in skin care and health products.
Skyezone plants are the true Aloe barbedancis, and organically grown. They are over one year old and are ready to produce their own pups.

Growing conditions:
1) A sheltered position with lots of morning sun.
2) Keep in pots and graduate to large pots over time.
3) Avoid very wet conditions or the roots will rot.
4) During intense summer heat shade cloth helps!
5) Dehydrated plants recover very quickly.

Medicinal Uses in the Home:
1) For burns: with a spark knife remove a leaf close to the base. Remove all side spines then slice off the skin from the flattest side of the leaf. Apply the clear gel side of the leaf direct to the burn. For best results and to avoid burn blisters, tape down for several hours or over night if possible. The quicker you can apply the aloe vera the better.

2) For sunburn: prepare the leaf as above then carefully rub the clear gel over the affected area. The skin will quickly absorb the aloe gel and instantly being to soothe the burn.

Organically grown Aloe is used extensively in Skyezone skin care products such as:
1) Restore Facial Serum - uses the clear gel to help reduce puffy eyes, tone, and to provide healing benefits.
2) Clear Skin Toner - uses the clear gel for its toning, mildly astringent properties.


MORE DETAILS
Importantly ageing or damaged skin readily absorbs Aloe Vera through the epidermal layer and delivers its nutrients deep inside the skin tissue. It promotes skin-cell growth and supports a fresh healthy complexion.

Aloe is well know for it's excellent burn healing properties. It is also a wonderful skin care additive to rejuvenate tissue, reduce inflammation and improve skin tone. With more than 200 biologically active agents incluing polysaccharides, phytosterols, glycerol, Vitamin E,B and C and zinc. It can help a great deal in healing burns and wounds and reducing scars.

Aloe vera is also a great skin moisturizer that helps to keep skin supple by bringing oxygen to the cells, and therefore increasing the synthesis and strength of skin tissue. It also has anti aging properties and possesses incredible moisturizing properties. Studies show that aloe vera improves the skin's ability to hydrate itself, aids in the removal of dead skin cells and has an effective penetrating ability that helps transport healthy substances through the skin.

  Arnica Arnica montana

Uses

To ease muscle & tendon bruising, sprains, strains


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Arnica has been used for medicinal purposes since the 1500s and remains popular today. Applied topically as a cream, ointment, liniment, salve, or tincture, Europeans and Native Americans have used arnica to soothe muscle aches, reduce inflammation, and heal wounds ( use only on unbroken skin).

It is often the first remedy used for injuries such as sprains and bruises.

British Pharmacopoeia Tincture, root, 10 to 30 drops. United States Pharmacopoeia Tincture, flowers, 10 to 30 drops.

Do not confuse arnica with calendula!

  Artemisia dracunculus: Tarragon

Uses

Culinary flavoring herb & calming sleep tea

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French tarragon herb, is a popular culinary herb used as flavoring agent. This aromatic perennial growing herb is rich in phytonutrients as well antioxidants that help promote health and prevent diseases.

The main essential oils in tarragon are estragole (methyl chavicol), cineol, ocimene and phellandrene. Fresh tarragon herb is one of the highest antioxidant value food sources among the common herbs. Scientific studies suggest that poly-phenolic compounds in this herb help lower blood-sugar levels. Laboratory studies on tarragon extract shows certain compounds in them inhibit platelet activation. It, thus, helps prevent clot formation inside tiny blood vessels of heart and brain protecting from heart attack, and stroke.

MEDICINAL USES:
The herb is very rich source of vitamins such as vitamin-C, vitamin-A as well as B-complex group of vitamins such as folates, pyridoxine, niacin, riboflavin, etc., that function as antioxidant as well as co-factors for enzymes in the metabolism.

Tarragon is a notably excellent source of minerals like calcium, manganese, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium, and zinc. Manganese is utilized by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for cellular respiration (co-factors for cytochrome-oxidase enzyme) and blood cell production.

Tarragon herb has been used in various traditional medicines for stimulating the appetite and as a remedy for anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, and hiccups.

The essential oil, eugenol in the herb has been in therapeutic use in dentistry as a local-anesthetic and antiseptic for toothache complaints.

Tarragon tea may help cure insomnia.

GROWING TARRAGON
French tarragon a half hardy perennial herb, but frost tender.
It is propagated by division, or from cuttings. Requires a sunny or partial shade sheltered position with well drained soil. Keep well watered in dry weather. In autumn, mulch plants with a thick layer of straw or similar, to protect it over the winter. Tarragon prefers well-drained soil which is not too high in nutrients.

EATING:
Tarragon goes well with fish, pork, beef, poultry, game, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, and most vegetables. Tarragon can be used in cream sauces, herbed butters and vinegars, soups, sour creams, and yogurt. It can be overpowering in large amounts

  Backhousia citriodora : Lemon Myrtle

Uses

For treating tinea, eczema, fungal skin conditions, rheumatism, headaches and fevers


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Lemon myrtle is the high concentration of citral in its leaves. Citral comprises 90-98% of the essential oils in lemon myrtle, as opposed to less than 10% in lemons and limes. Some of the characteristics of citral include:
Citral is an anti-fungal agent, non-acidic, high in anti-oxidants.

Reported to aid /relieve: muscle cramps and spasms, rheumatism, headaches and fevers. Scientific studies have indicated that citral can inhibit the growth of the pathogen which is one of the causes of many gastro-duodenal diseases, including ulcers. It is also said to aid in the reduction of cellulite and the anti-oxidants in citral help boost the immune system.

Research by the Charles Sturt University (Wagga Wagga, New South Wales)demonstrated that the essential oil of Lemon Myrtle is more anti-bacterial and anti-fungal than that of Tea Tree oil. There have been a small number of doctors using the essential oil of Lemon Myrtle for treating conditions like tinea, eczema and other fungal skin conditions with success especially when chemical treatments are less preferred by patients.

Skyezone Hand & Body Repair ( high in lemon Myrtle oil) has certainly been helpful in reducing eczema.)

Lemon Myrtle’s botanical name is Backhousia citriodora. ‘Citrio’ is latin for citrus and ‘dora’ is latin for odour. The Backhousia name comes from a 19th century Australian botanist, James Backhouse.

  Bacopa monnieri : Brahmi

Uses

To improve memory acquisition, retention and concentration.

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Bacopa monnieri, common name Brahmi, is well regarded as an aid for memory acquisition, retention and concentration. It supports brain function and is anti-inflammatory.

This water loving plant is like Ginkgo biloba in it's capacity to improve circulation and provide strong anti-oxidant protection for cells including support for brain, kidney and liver health

For best results this herb is more potent when eaten fresh, and organically grown. View further details of its properties.

  Basil / Clove Basil Ocimum gratissimum

Uses

Applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases, including acne vulgaris.

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Ocimum gratissimum has a wonderful Aromatic scent and is a medicinal herb used in tea, salads & cooking. Valued for its properties as an antioxidant and ability to decrease pain and inflamation. Function uses: The above ground parts of the fresh plant have antibacterial & analgesic qualities which aid in reducing headaches, fever and improve digestive function, anticonvulsive, sedative, muscle relaxation. The whole plant and the essential oil have many applications in traditional medicine. Preparations from the whole plant are used as stomachic and in treating sunstroke, headache and influenza. The essential oil is applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases, including acne vulgaris. Poison: The essential oil is also an important insect repellent. Other products: A tea is made from the leaves, and also applied as a flavouring.

Essential oils: (3 yr expiry after steam distillation of leaves & stems)

The fresh aboveground parts of O. gratissimum contain 0.8-1.2% essential oil. The chemical composition of the oil is characterized by the main component: eugenol, thymol, citral, ethyl cinnamate, geraniol and linalool. The oil has a powerful, warm-spicy aromatic odour, reminiscent of clove oil, but with a sweet-woody, almost floral top note.
The optimum harvesting time for distillation of the essential oil is when 3 branches per plant or 75% of the branches are flowering.

Plant in Spring+, sun or semi-shade. Quite hardy, needs less watering once established. Grows well from cuttings.

  Betula Alba : Birch

Uses

Purifying and detoxifying, diuretic action that eliminates toxins

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Birch is known for its purifying and detoxifying effects. The plant encourages the excretion of fluids and promotes metabolic activities. Birch is a natural pain reliever containing salicylate, the compound found in aspirin. Salicylate relieves the inflammation and pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and generalized muscle pain.

The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory actions of birch bark support it's traditional uses in skin disorders such as eczema. Birch calms arthritis and gout due to it's cleansing diuretic action that eliminates toxins and excess water. Uses: Birch is useful for dermatitis, dull or congested skin, eczema, hair care and psoriasis. It is also helpful in cases of poor circulation, the accumulation of toxins in the muscles, for arthritis, rheumatism, muscular pains, edema and cellulite, loss of hair.

Therapeutic properties: analgesic, antiseptic, astringent, depurative, disinfectant, diuretic, febrifuge, insecticide and tonic.

Chemical composition: salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, betulene and betulenol. Blends particularly well with benzoin, jasmine, sandalwood and rosemary.

Extraction: by steam distillation from the bark Betula alba (also known as B. alba var. pubescens, B. odorata, verrucosa or pendula), of the Betulaceae family and is also known as European white birch or silver birch.

  Calendula officinalis : Calendula

Uses

For anti-viral, anti-genotoxic(tumor) and anti-inflammatory properties.

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Plant pharmacological studies have suggested that Calendula extracts have anti-viral, anti-genotoxic( tumor) and anti-inflammatory properties. It is anti-inflammatory & assists with wound healing, minor burns including sunburn, and for easing eczema. It can reduce redness and inflammation along with stimulating cellular repair and smoothing the complexion. It is excellent for skin conditions such as allergic dermatitis and eczema, minor wounds, burns, sunburn and bruising. Great soothing and softening qualities. No known side effects.
  Centella asiatica

Uses

Circulatory stimulant, diuretic, reduce blood pressure

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Centella is a mild adaptogen, is mildly antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerogenic, anxiolytic, nervine and vulnerary, and can act as a cerebral tonic, a circulatory stimulant, and a diuretic.

Grows in warm swampy areas. Sensitive to pollution.

Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment of anxiety, reducing high blood pressure & jaundice.

  Chrysanthemum morifolium

Uses



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Family ASTERACEAE
Florist's chrysanthemums were introduced to the West from China in the 18th century Chrysanthemum is used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, fever, cold, headache, head congestion, dizziness, and swelling. Stimulates your senses, but also calming. While this tea will not make you sleepy, it is beneficial due to it's calming qualities to aid sound sleep.

Chrysanthemum flower is believed to be effective in treating eye pain associated with stress or yin/fluid deficiency. It is also used to treat blurring, spots in front of the eyes, diminished vision, and dizziness. The tea brewed from the dried flowers has a golden hue and a mild, flowery flavor similar to chamomile. For Tea, boil the water and allow it to cool for about a minute to around 100°F. Then use between 3-6 dried flowers to 230ml /8 oz. cup of water.

People use it to treat respiratory problems, high blood pressure, and hyperthyroidism( over active thyroid). Fans of the flower also say it can reduce inflammation and calm your nerves. Also recommended for reducing fever and cold symptoms in the early stages

The herbal infusion made from the chrysanthemum is also used in reducing the elevated temperature in the body affected by fever, as well as to counter infection, and in detoxifying the body in general. Remedies made from the chrysanthemum can help bring relief from mild fevers and alleviate tension headaches. These remedies help bring soothing relief from a dry mouth or dryness in the throat, and are an aid in treating bad breath in people.

10 benefits of Chrysanthemum tea
How does it work? Chrysanthemum may increase blood flow to the heart. It may also increase sensitivity to insulin.

Preparation Methods & Dosage:
When making the tea, steep the flowers gently in hot water for no more than 10 minutes in a closed vessel, to preserve the essential oil.

Medicinal Uses:
* Allergies * Ayurvedic * Cardiovascular * Eyes/Vision * Flu * Hypertension * Sore Throat.

Properties:
* Anti-inflammatory * Antibacterial ( its terpenoids exert inhibitory action against microorginisms by disrupting their membranes.) * Aromatic * Demulcent * Febrifuge * Hepatic * Hypotensive * Refrigerant

Parts Used:
flowers
Constituents:

ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, calcium, fiber, folacin, iron, magnesium, niacin, potassium, riboflavin, essential oils.


  Curcuma longa : Turmeric

Uses

Cellular antioxidant spice protects against cell damage, antiinflammatory


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Turmeric is a spice ground from the root of the plant, which contains the compound curcumin. It is an antioxidant that helps protect the body from free radical molecules that can damage cells and tissue.

Turmeric is used for the treatment of many conditions, including indigestion, ulcers, stomach upset, psoriasis, assists thyroid health and as a defence against cancer.

Some people with osteoarthritis turn to turmeric as a natural pain reliever because it helps relieve inflammation.

View more details of this wonder root< /a>

  Echinacea augustifolia

Uses

To treat colds, flu, bronchitis


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Echinacea has been used for thousands of years, used widely to treat colds, flu, bronchitis, and all types of infections, due to its antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties.
The root is the most active medicinal part used, harvested after flowering.

See: How Echinacea works

  Eremophila maculata

Uses

Aboriginal medicine for cold symptoms

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Spotted Emu Bush, Swamp Fuchsia, tolerant of alkaline and often saline environments.
Aboriginal medicine for reducing cold symptoms, but method and quantity unknown at this point.

Most forms of E.maculata strike readily from cuttings of hardened, current season's growth.

More data

  Geranium robertianum : Herb Robert

Uses

Excellent for blood & cell oxygenation


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Excellent for blood & cell oxygenation and contains the powerful antioxidants: vitamins A and C

Geranium. r is simultaneously a strong antioxidant, astringent, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory.

The stems of Geranium robertianum turn from green to reddish shades and support fern-like, bright green leaves that are finely divided and that will also turn to red after the blooming period, flowers are small (half an inch in diameter), pink and five-petaled

External Medicinal Use
Used externally, Geranium robertianum tea has anti-inflammatory properties; if diluted, it can be used as an eye wash to treat swollen eyelids. Thanks to its antiseptic and antibiotic action, it is also an effective wash that can cure eczema, acne, inflammation in wounds and ease bruising. The plant is recommended against a variety of skin conditions, brewed into tea or applied directly in poultices made of boiled leaves.

Modern herbalism values greatly the tea made from Geranium robertianum aerial parts because of its anti-diarrhea, anti-rheumatic, diuretic, and astringent action.
Additionally, it acts as a strong antiseptic, antibiotic, and antimicrobial product, enhancing improved immune response to potentially harmful pathogen agents.

Another therapeutical quality of this plant is its ability to enhance the electrical activity occurring within the cells, thus boosting energy levels, increasing cellular oxygen amounts and strengthening the immune system.

Under this form, Geranium robertianum relieves pain in swollen breasts, rheumatic joints, bruises, and it stops bleeding.

Tea preparation:
The most common form of remedy made from Geranium robertianum is a herbal infusion prepared from its dried (yet not crushed) leaves and flowers. A tablespoon of dry product is enough for a cup of hot water, and after mixing the two you have to let it soak over night. After filtering the resulting liquid, scald the solid plant residues with another cup of hot water and leave it cool until it reaches the room temperature.

  Ginkgo biloba : Ginkgo

Uses

Increases circulation, improves brain function


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If you have access to a ginkgo tree, mid to late summer is the time to harvest and dry the leaves.

Hot dry weather is best for drying the leathery leaves in pillow cases on top of the washing line.
It takes about 2-3 days for them to dry. Once they turn brittle and can be crushed into tiny pieces they are ready for the coffee grinder. Once pulverised to a fine powder store in zip lock bags or glass jars in the freezer. Gingko will keep all year in the freezer and can be added to your daily cereal.
Fresh ginkgo leaves can be added in with coffee beans and makes them almost undetectable, and gives you that alertness all day.

When consuming dried crushed leaves, start with one teaspoon up to 1 dessertspoon max & if you get flushed reduce the amount. Why eat ginkgo?
It's helps increase circulation and is a wonderful aid for aiding brain function.

Also helps reduce chilblains in winter.
You can harvest other memory herbs like: Brahmi Bacopa monnieri and Centella asiatica and combine them with ginkgo powder.

Note:
These herbs that increase circulation have a slightly bitter taste, so I don't include them in salads.
Happy harvesting!

Further health benefit informaiton and quantities

  Hamamelis Virginiana : Witch Hazel

Uses

Skin toner, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial


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Is a traditional herb of the North American Indians and is widely used in both cosmetic and medicinal products.

Its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties on the skin can reduce bacteria, helping to prevent inflammation and the formation of acne.

Tannins in witch hazel help tighten pores and swollen veins, and reduce inflammation.

  Hippophae rhamnoides : Sea Buckthorn

Uses

For dry: eyes, mouth, vagina & Skin: eczema, stretch marks & radiation burn


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Sea buckthorn oil can be taken internally or used topically to get its benefits.

Both the seed oil and berry oil can be ingested, although berry oil has more topical benefits, while seed oil has the best internal benefits.

The oil contains Omega 3,6,7,9, & Vit A ( beta-Carotene)
which helps to maintain normal structure and function of the skin and mucous membranes such as eyes, nose mouth and female reproductive tract.

Sea Buckthorn oil is a natural powerhouse of goodness, which is also known as the 'beauty berry'. This is because it helps to moisturise & rejuvenate tissue from the inside out!

It combats dry eyes, mouth, vagina & skin

It acts as an essential anti-ageing supplement to control free radicals
In summary this oil has both internal & external health benefits by nourishing the skin and mucous membranes.

Rich in antioxidants and Vitamin C, Seabuckthorn contains 17 different phytosterols, which help protect collagen fibers and cell membranes.

The 41 different carotenoids help regenerate cells, soften dry skin, protect against cell-water loss, and quench internal inflammation.

An oil rich in anti-oxidative tocopherols makes it suitable for pre and post-sun exposure; It supports dermal collagen fibers and may protect cell membranes; may soften dry skin, and reduce internal inflammation.
Excellent for eczema, stretch marks, and skin that has been exposed to radiation.

Sea Buckthorn fruit oil is dark red or red orange and quite viscous, while its seed oil is yellow or pale orange and more fluid.
Both oils, though, have a strong musky scent.

When used topically, it's a great natural cleanser and exfoliator. It can also help heal burns, cuts, wounds, sunburn, rashes, and other types of skin damage. Using sea buckthorn oil daily helps slow down the signs of aging by nourishing the tissues in your skin and body.

BENEFITS:
The unique high fatty acid content of sea buckthorn oil and the wealth of nutrients it contains make it one of the most health-promoting herbal oils today. It's believed to have high antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties that help promote total body wellness.

EXTRACTION:
Many health experts now recommend supercritical CO2-extracted sea buckthorn oil, as it's best at preserving the oils' impressive nutrient profile.
Extraction from the seed is best for ingestion and extraction from the fruit pulp is best for use on skin.

CAUTIONS:
Sea buckthorn oil is generally safe for most healthy adults, but it is not recommended for ingestion by children 12yrs and under.

Applying copious amounts of the oil neat on your skin may also cause a yellow discoloration on your complexion.

It might be better to avoid ingesting this oil if you are pregnant, lactating, or planning to be pregnant in the near future.


  Hypericum perforatum : St John's wort

Uses

Skin healer, anti-depressant

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Commonly known as St John's Wort, Hypericum has a very healing nature, and is excellent for all skin conditions. Hypericum Infused Oil is obtained from the flowers, leaves and small stems.
Well know for its use with anxiety and depression, and topically for wounds, abrasions, burns.

The infused oil from the petals can be used for burns and muscles and joint inflamations including tennis elbow, neuralgia & sciatica.
A tea infusion can be used for anxiety, nervous tension or emotional upsets. A wash can be used for wounds, sores and bruises.

Harvest in high summer.

  Laurus nobilis : Bay Laurel

Uses

Aids digestion, to treat arthritic aches & pains, lower back pain, sore muscles and hair.

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One can appreciate why the ancients so revered the Bay Laurel. Some of the most impressive health benefits of bay leaves include their ability to detoxify the body, slow the aging process, speed wound healing, protect the body from bacterial infections, manage diabetes, improve heart health, reduce inflammation, alleviate respiratory issues, optimize digestion, and prevent certain types of cancer.

Digestive Health:
Bay leaves have a very strong effect on the gastrointestinal system, both stimulating urination as a diuretic.
The organic compounds found in bay leaves are very effective for settling upset stomachs, soothing irritable bowel syndrome, or even lessening the symptoms of Celiac’s disease.
Some of the more complex proteins in our modern diet can be difficult to digest, but the unique enzymes found in bay leaves help to facilitate efficient digestion and nutrient intake.

Bay leaf Oil:
Oil expressed from the leaves & berries, is used to treat arthritic aches and pains, lower back pain, earaches, and sore muscles and sprains. Bay leaves are the source of an essential oil with the same analgesic and warming properties. Bay laurel contains parthenolides, the same chemical in feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) that is thought to prevent migraine headaches.

Preparation: Bay laurel leaves are dried and used in cooking, mainly to flavor meats and stews and which aids digestion by removing intestinal gas and for combating abdominal pain. Bay leaves can be taken in tea, used in herbal baths, and infused in oil.

Bay laurel oil is used topically to relieve pain. The oil has a herbaceous and spicy scent.

Bay laurel oil is said to be a good tonic for the hair, stimulating hair growth and fighting dandruff.

Caution: do not use if pregnant. Bay oil should not be taken internally but rather applied topically.

  Lavandula angustifolia : Lavender

Uses

Soothing & calming for body & mind

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Lavender oil has a soothing and calming effect on the nerves, relieving tension, headaches, migraines and insomnia. Lavender oil relieves pain when used for rheumatism, arthritis, and muscular aches and pains.

Lavender oil tones and revitalizes and it is useful for all types of skin problems such as acne, oily skin, boils, burns, sunburn, wounds, psoriasis, insect bites, stings and also acts as an insect repellent.

  Malva Sylvestris ~ Marsh Mallow

Uses

Overall health of skin & hair

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Mallow leaves are demulcent, meaning that they contain mild pain killing properties and form a protective layer over wounds, insect bites and bruises.

The root of Althaea Officinalis ( harvested in autumn) is most helpful for the overall health of skin & hair. It's properties include: Demulcent, expectorant, diuretic, & wound healing.
For hair it soothes dry scalp, nourishes the hair, promotes hair growth & provides natural shine to dull hair follicles. The flowers when infused in oil (jojoba preferably) minimizes hair fall and fastens hair growth. Mucilage present in the oil helps to regulate and destroy bacteria and other contaminates present on the scalp and helps to reduce itchy scalp.

Althaea contains compounds which soften and add volume to thin and/or damaged hair.
All members of the mallow family have similar properties with hollhocks and common mallow occasionally used medicinally as well.

Science studies on Malva Sylvestris have shown efficacy for: Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidative and wound healing properties. Malva sylvestris prefers moist woodland or partially shaded areas.

  Marrubium vulgare : Horehound

Uses

For coughs, and other respiratory ailments

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White horehound ( classified as a noxious weed in Sth Australia) is an anti-inflammatory and commonly used to treat coughs, and other respiratory ailments ie: bronchitis, whooping cough and asthma.

White horehound is an expectorant that loosens phlegm to produce a more effective cough by soothing the tissues in the bronchial pathway allowing mucus to be expelled more easily.

For more details: The Herbal Resource Wikipedia

  Matricaria recutita: Chamomile

Uses

Aids digestion and promotes restful sleep


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This daisy like plant is an ancient healing herb, traditionally used for stress related disorders. Chamomile tea aids digestion and promotes restful sleep.

It is soothing to the skin, anti-allergenic, anti inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, mild sedative. This gentle oil can be used for treating children's ailments. Chamomile calms the nervous system and eases headaches, irritability and nervousness, promotes sleep.

It is particularly effective for treating allergies, itchy skin, eczema, acne, dermatitis and inflamed skin conditions. Helps to relieve PMS and regulate periods.It stimulates white blood cell production and boosts the immune system: good for trating viruses or infections.

The oil has a fresh grassy smell with a fruity undertone and is extracted from the flowerheads by steam distillation. German chamomile is an annual herb, with long, erect stems that grow two to three feet tall.

Roman chamomile ( Chamaemelum nobile or Anthemis nobilis) a creeping perennial herb that grows close to the ground, up to a foot in length.

The flower of the Roman Chamomile is characterized by a flattened receptacle, which distinguishes it from the dome-shaped receptacle of the German variety. A sure way to differentiate between the two varieties is to slice open the receptacle of each one. German chamomile has a hollow receptacle, while that of Roman chamomile is solid.

While the medicinal applications of both varieties parallel each other, German chamomile considered more potent and medically superior to Roman chamomile. It contains a higher proportion of chamazulene, an active chemical constituent. This compound is a potent anti-inflammatory that has proven highly effective as an herbal remedy for conditions such as arthritis, rheumatism and gastritis. Roman chamomile has little chamazulene, and thus has gentler anti-inflammatory properties. It also has a higher alcohol content than its German counterpart.

Scent Description:

Strong, warm, sweet, straw-like, herbaceous aroma. Blends well with Geranium, Lavender, Patchouli, Rose, Neroli, Lemon, Ylang Ylang, Jasmine.

CAUTION: Do not use in the first trimester o pregnancy.

  Nepeta cataria

Uses

Sedative & insect repellant

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Traditional doses for sedation require 4 g of herb, usually given as a tea. A 15% lotion of the essential oil has been used as an insect repellant.

Infusion can be used to treat insomnia, inducing sleep (his slightly sedative effect is similar to the common Valerian). Tea For catnip tea, use 25 grams (about 1 ounce).

Boil for a few minutes in a liter (33 oz) of water and leave for 15 minutes.

Aside traditional herbal medicine, catnip has many other properties that are good for the hair and the skin. This herb is non-toxic, acidic, antibacterial, antiviral and contains oils with many uses.

It’s also known as a specific treatment for irritated skin. The plant is good for washing the face and does not irritate the eyes.

  Olea europaea : Olive Leaf

Uses

Anti-aging, immunostimulator and antibiotic.

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Natural olive leaf and olive leaf extracts (OLE), are now marketed as an anti-aging, immunostimulator and an antibiotic. A liquid extract made directly from fresh olive leaves recently gained international attention when it was shown to have an antioxidant capacity almost double green tea extract and 400% higher than vitamin C Wikipedia The main constituent of olive leaf is the phytochemical oleuropein, which is broken down to elenolic acid, has a powerful anti-bacterial effect, and the ability to interfere with critical amino acid production essential for viruses.

Oleuropein has double the antioxidants as green tea and is recognised for lowering blood pressure. Read more: www.therighttea.com/olive-leaf-tea.html

  Plantago minor : Plantain

Uses

Diuretic, antitoxin, pain relief, demulcent to sooth damaged skin


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Plantain is a "First Aid" plant that is usually close-at-hand. A few fresh leaves, crushed or chewed, can be used to quickly stop the bleeding of an open wound, stop the pain and inflammation or bites and stings, and relieve the itching from bites & stings. A cup of strong Plantain tea will quell indigestion, and a chewed leaf placed next to the gum will quiet a painful toothache until reaching dental assistance. The leaves and above ground parts are used in herbal preparations. It is an astringent herb that has diuretic, expectorant and anti-mucus properties, as well as mild anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Plantian properties include but are not limited to: The tannins tighten tissues, & the mucilage acts as a demulcent which helps to balance the astringent actions to heal and soothe damaged skin.

As a diuretic, Plantain increases urine flow, and its potent antiseptic properties make it effective in easing uterine infections.

It is suggested that plantain is a good source of powerful antitoxin, acubin. This can help treat blood poisoning, snake bite, spider bite.

Plantain contains salicylic acid, which is the natural forerunner of synthetic aspirin, and as such, has been effective in relieving pain, including neuralgic pain.

Plantain contains allantoin, an anti-inflammatory phytochemical that kills germs, speeds wound healing, and stimulates the growth of new skin cells (many commercial cosmetic creams and lotions list allantoin as an active ingredient)

Plantain has a very long medical history. Native Americans used Plantain widely and referred to it as "Life Medicine." Fortunately it grows just about everywhere.

  Ruta graveolens : Rue

Uses

Relief for gout, rheumatism, and sciatica

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In England Rue is one of our oldest garden plants, cultivated for its use medicinally.

While the plant has a disagreeable odour, as an ointment it is excellent for external use against gout, rheumatism, and sciatica.

Caution: Rue is not to be used by pregnant women.

  Salvia officinalis: Sage

Uses

Reduces inflammation for skin and regulates te sebum production of oil.

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Ancient cultures, Chinese and Romans have long considered Sage to be 'a sacred plant', the king of herbs.

Sage is an astringent, antiseptic, tonic herb with a camphor like aroma. Internally it helps boost liver function, reduces excessive perspiration, anxiety. Externally it can be used for insect bites, throat, gum and skin infections. It contains rosmaric acid that has good antioxidant properties, reinforced by picrosalvin also found in sage. HAIR: Sage helps regulate the sebum production of oil in the scalp.

SKIN:
it helps refine texture, aid wound healing, sores, ulcers, dermatitis. EYES: Vitamin A is a powerful natural antioxidant and is essential for eye-sight .

VITAMINS: Sage contains good vitamin A and beta-carotene levels. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A known to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. (100 g dry ground herb provides 5900 IU; about 196% of RDA.)

Sage is related to rosemary, and both herbs contain a phenolic acid called rosmarinic acid. This antioxidant is absorbed from food and acts to reduce inflammatory responses in the body. Increased intake of sage is recommended if you have inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, as well as bronchial asthma, and atherosclerosis.

Whether fresh or dried, Sage contains rich sources of minerals like potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.

Harvesting: Best just before or during flowering. Propagation: Layering is effective when branches are pegged down and covered with earth to generate new plants.

NOTE: Not to be used by pregnant women or those with epilepsy, or on stimulants.

  Sempervivum tectorum

Uses



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semper (always) and vivo (I live)
Astringent, refrigerant, vulnerary (promotes healing of wounds)

Chemicals – malic acid, succinic acid, isocitric acid, tannins
Formulas or Dosages Use only fresh leaves.
Infusion or decoction: use 1 tsp. leaves with 1 cup water. Take 1 cup per day.

Tincture:
take 5-20 drops at a time. Also, can be applied to warts, ringworms, and skin blemishes.

Uses:
The herb particularly helps in reducing inflammatory conditions of the skin. Leaves are crushed and applied as a poultice for treating skin related conditions such as – burns, ulcers, wounds, insect bites, sore nipples, eczema and corns.

The juice pressed from the leaves, used as eardrops, or the leaves themselves sliced in half, used for warts, corns, freckles, ringworms, boils, bruises, ulcers, erysipelas, and other skin blemishes.

An infusion of the leaves used internally, or a decoction used externally, for shingles, hemorrhoids, worms, and uterine neuralgia, rubbed gently on nettle stings or bee stings to reduce pain.

  Stellaria Media: Chick Weed

Uses

To treat rheumatic pains, wounds and ulcers.

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High in vitamins and minerals.

Used externally to treat rheumatic pains, wounds and ulcers.

It can be applied as a medicinal poultice and will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there are fragile superficial veins or itching skin conditions.

The whole plant is used in alternative medicine as an astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, refrigerant, vulnerary.

  Symphytum officinale: Comfrey

Uses

Externally uses on damaged tissue, but not open wounds.

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The roots and leaves contain the valuable cell-proliferant allantoin.

It is a perennial herb of the family Boraginaceae with hairy broad leaves. Allantoin is absorbed through the skin, which speeds up the natural replacement of body cells by stimulating the growth of new cells.

Comfrey has been used through the ages to treat a wide variety of ailments ranging from bronchial problems, broken bones, sprains, arthritis, gastric and varicose ulcers, severe burns, acne and other skin conditions.see Wikipedia Comfrey has emollient properties which aid skin softening when used on chapped lips and cracked hands and feet.

Comfrey is an excellent source of vitamins A and C and is one of the few plants that can extract B-12 from the soil. It is also high in calcium, potassium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium.

Although comfrey root is highly esteemed as a vulnerary (healer of wounds), it has come under fire in recent years because it contains a group of alkaloids (pyrollizidine) that are considered hepatoxic (harmful to the liver.) It is not recommended for internal use.

Note: For External use only & Comfrey should not be applied to an open wound.

HOW TO: Process Comfrey Root into a powder

  Syzygium aromaticum: Clove

Uses

to ease nausea, colds, toothache pain relief

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Cloves may help ease nausea and treat colds. They may also help relieve the pain associated with headaches, arthritic inflammation, and toothaches. Cloves can also be used as part of a topical pain reliever.
A study indicated that cloves could be used to treat fungal infections but further research is needed.

The active ingredient is eugenol, which is a natural pain reliever

  Tagetes lemmonii

Uses

Calm and quiet the mind, warming aromatic tea


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T. lemmonii is used in cooking and also has beneficial effects for the garden.
Strongly passion fruit scented foliage with stunning gold daisy flowers covering whole plant in winter for aprox 2 months.
Oil is extracted by steam distillation for the flowering aerial parts. USES:
The oil has the ability to bring forth positive thoughts, reduce negativity and quiet the mind. Aztecs used the flowers to lower blood pressure and calm nerves. In China, the plant is used for coughs, colds, sores, and ulcers. Flowers and leaves are edible and can be used in salad. A tea infusion of leaves and flowers produces an aromatic body warming tea. ( warmth may last lasts 2-3hrs) A delightful breath freshener!

GROW:
Plant full sun to part shade. Can flower year round but mostly blooms in the colder months. Doesn't die off but bushes out and continues to bloom. Shade or cloudy days trigger the plant into flowering. Frost tolerant. Survives down to -7c but is still hot, dry and drought tolerant.

  Tagetes lucida: Mexican marigolds

Uses

Reduces stress & anxiety, anise-flavoured tea


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Tagetes Oil is sedative to the nervous system and promotes sleep as it counters stress and anxiety. The herbage of Tagetes lucida can be infused, boiled, or ground to produce a paste. The infusion of one bundle with water makes two to three cups of an aromatic tea, a sufficient dosage to produce profound stimulating and aphrodisiac effects.

MEDICINAL USES:
The leaves and whole plant are digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, hypotensive, narcotic, sedative and stimulant[3][11][7][5]. Use of the plant depresses the central nervous system, whilst it is also reputedly anaesthetic and hallucinogenic[5]. It is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, nausea, indigestion, colic, hiccups, malaria and feverish illnesses[5]. Externally, it is used to treat scorpion bites and to remove ticks[5]. The leaves can be harvested and used as required, whilst the whole plant is harvested when in flower and dried for later use[5]

The Aztecs used all species of Tagetes for medicinal purposes, such as in a tea made from the infusion of the fresh herbage to treat hiccups and diarrhea. T. lucida promotes lactation, and it is also added to bath water to help relieve the symptoms of rheumatism (Siegel et al. 1977).

Up to 2 grams of the dried plant matter taken orally has been found in some to cause alertness, lucidity, a feeling of well-being, closed-eye visual and a warming of the body lasting 2-3 hours. Dream enhancement was also reported (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324).

A pleasant anise-flavored tea is brewed using the dried leaves and flowering tops. This is primarily used medicinally in Mexico and Central America http://entheology.com/plants/tagetes-lucida-marigolds/ In Argentina, a decoction of the leaves is taken for coughs, and can be applied topically on the skin as an insect repellent.

In India, juice from the freshly pressed leaves of marigolds is administered to treat eczema (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324). Up to 2 grams of the dried plant matter taken orally has been found in some to cause alertness, lucidity, a feeling of well-being, closed-eye visual and a warming of the body lasting 2-3 hours. Dream enhancement was also reported (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324).

TRADITIONAL USES:
Tagetes lucida, widely identified as a powerfully psychoactive strain of the marigold flower, was first documented by the Aztecs. They used Tagetes lucida in a ritual incense they referred to as yyauhtl. Aztecs used the leaves as a flavouring of 'chocolate' a foaming cocoa-based drink.

CULINARY:
The leaves have a tarragon-like flavor, with hints of anise & can be used as a tarragon substitute. Can be used fresh or dried for flavoring soups, sauces etc. The dried leaves and flowering tops are brewed into a pleasant anise-flavoured tea.

Snip off the last few inches from new fast-growing tips. Dried leaves are not as good. Better to freeze or store in vinegar. As with any aromatic herb, add to soups, sauces, chicken dishes, etc. near the end of cooking or the flavors will be lost to evaporation. A soothing, aromatic herbal tea is made from the leaves & herbal vinegars.

CULTIVATION
Light: Full sun or partial shade.
Moisture: Needs well-drained soil. Is fairly drought tolerant.
Frosts: may fill it to the ground but it will come back in spring.

Propagation:
Usually propagated from stem cuttings, which root easily. You also can divide the roots.
Sow seeds at the end of winter. Only just cover the seed. Germination usually takes place within 2 weeks.

FOR GARDENERS:
Secretions from the roots of growing plants have an insecticidal effect on the soil, effective against nematodes and to some extent against keeled slugs[7], they also have an effect against some persistent weeds such as couch grass[8]. These secretions are produced about 3 - 4 months after sowing[7].
The growing plant also has a repellent effect on various insect pests such as the asparagus beetle and bean weevils[8][9].

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[10]. The dried plant is burnt as an incense and to repel insects.

  Trifolium pratense: Red Clover

Uses

Tonic herb, circulation stimulant, reduce arterial clots, phytoestrogens


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The plant's medicinal value is found in its red and purple blossoms, which are dried to make tea.

Trifolium pratense is a tonic herb, especially for the skin, and especially for children.

Its other actions are nervine, diuretic, antitumor/chemopreventive, blood purifying and blood building, expectorant, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory.

As a sedative and tonic.

To loosen phlegm and calm bronchial spasms.

Rosemary Gladstar says red clover is, “One of the best detoxification herbs and respiratory tonics,”

What is the recommended dosage?
As a sedative dose 4 g of blossoms. As a source of estrogenic and antioxidant isoflavones. Extracts standardized on isoflavone content (Menoflavon, Rimostil) have been given to perimenopausal women in several clinical studies at daily doses of isoflavones 25 to 90 mg

Uses:
Chinese medicine has used red clover in teas as an expectorant. Russians recommend the herb for bronchial asthma. Traditionally, the herb has been used in treating breast cancer. Topically, it is used to accelerate wound healing and to treat psoriasis.

Red clover is considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones, which are water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens (known collectively as phytoestrogens). Red Clover is therefore used for hot flashes/flushes, PMS, breast enhancement and breast health as well as lowering cholesterol, improving urine production and improving circulation of the blood, to help prevent osteoporosis, to reduce the possibility of blood clots and arterial plaques and limiting the development of benign prostate hyperplasia.

  Vaccinium oxycoccos & Vaccinium macro: Cranberry

Uses

Effective against ulcerisits & urinary infections


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Having a bout of ulceritis or urine infection?

Ulcers usually result from a pathogen called H. pylori which attacks the lining of the stomach and small intestines, but cranberry juice can destroy it fast.

It does this by preventing the pathogen from developing their flagella or tails which they use like a hook to attach to the linning of the gut. Without their tail they are washed out in natural urine flow. Cranberry juice is utterly effective & works fast to bring relief from burning stinging pain and discomfort.

Instead of turning to antibiotics, destroy the bacteria causing your ulcers and urinary tract infections with natural cranberries.


  Viola odorata : Violet

Uses

Edible herb for headache, body pains and as a sedative


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All varieties of violet have practically the same medicinal and edible herb values.

Tea made from the entire plant is used to treat digestive disorders and new research has detected the presence of a glycoside of salicylic acid (natural aspirin) which substantiates its use for centuries as a medicinal remedy for headache, body pains and as a sedative.

The plants constituents are being studied and show these uses to be valid. Eugenol, Ferulic-acid, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Scopoletin, also show promise in the treatment of many kinds of cancer, arthritis, AIDS, gum disease and more. Used externally the fresh crushed leaves reduce swelling and soothe irritations.

As a bath additive the fresh crushed flowers are soothing to the skin and the aroma is very relaxing.

  Zingiber officinale : Ginger Dried

Uses

Anti-inflammatory


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Ginger and the yellow curry spice turmeric have long been known to help inflammatory diseases. But exactly why they work has only recently been discovered.
In inflammatory diseases, an inflammation-promoting protein known as nuclear transcription factor kappa B is produced.
Ginger and turmeric, along with garlic and pepper, turn it off, thereby reducing inflammation.