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 Herb name:
 Basil / Clove Basil Ocimum gratissimum
221
  Uses 
Applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases, including acne vulgaris.
Ocimum gratissimum has a wonderful Aromatic scent and is a medicinal herb used in tea, salads & cooking. Valued for its properties as an antioxidant and ability to decrease pain and inflamation. Function uses: The above ground parts of the fresh plant have antibacterial & analgesic qualities which aid in reducing headaches, fever and improve digestive function, anticonvulsive, sedative, muscle relaxation. The whole plant and the essential oil have many applications in traditional medicine. Preparations from the whole plant are used as stomachic and in treating sunstroke, headache and influenza. The essential oil is applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases, including acne vulgaris. Poison: The essential oil is also an important insect repellent. Other products: A tea is made from the leaves, and also applied as a flavouring.

Essential oils: (3 yr expiry after steam distillation of leaves & stems)

The fresh aboveground parts of O. gratissimum contain 0.8-1.2% essential oil. The chemical composition of the oil is characterized by the main component: eugenol, thymol, citral, ethyl cinnamate, geraniol and linalool. The oil has a powerful, warm-spicy aromatic odour, reminiscent of clove oil, but with a sweet-woody, almost floral top note.
The optimum harvesting time for distillation of the essential oil is when 3 branches per plant or 75% of the branches are flowering.

Plant in Spring+, sun or semi-shade. Quite hardy, needs less watering once established. Grows well from cuttings.


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