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HERBS & PLANTS
Aloe Vera
Aloe vera barbadensis

Aloe vera barbadensis 

Importantly ageing or damaged skin readily absorbs Aloe Vera through the epidermal layer and delivers its nutrients deep inside the skin tissue. It promotes skin-cell growth and supports a fresh healthy complexion.

Aloe is well know for it's excellent burn healing properties. It is also a wonderful skin care additive to rejuvenate tissue, reduce inflammation and improve skin tone. With more than 200 biologically active agents incluing polysaccharides, phytosterols, glycerol, Vitamin E,B and C and zinc. It can help a great deal in healing burns and wounds and reducing scars.

Aloe vera is also a great skin moisturizer that helps to keep skin supple by bringing oxygen to the cells, and therefore increasing the synthesis and strength of skin tissue.
It also has anti aging properties and possesses incredible moisturizing properties. Studies show that aloe vera improves the skin's ability to hydrate itself, aids in the removal of dead skin cells and has an effective penetrating ability that helps transport healthy substances through the skin.

Malva Sylvestris
Marsh Mallow
Common mallow
Family: Malvaceae (mallows)

Mallow leaves are demulcent, meaning that they contain mild pain killing properties and form a protective layer over wounds, insect bites and bruises.
The root of Althaea Officinalis ( harvested in autumn) is most helpful for the overall health of skin & hair. It's properties include: Demulcent, expectorant, diuretic, & wound healing.

For hair it soothes dry scalp, nourishes the hair, promotes hair growth & provides natural shine to dull hair follicles.
The flowers when infused in oil (jojoba preferably) minimizes hair fall and fastens hair growth. Mucilage present in the oil helps to regulate and destroy bacteria and other contaminates present on the scalp and helps to reduce itchy scalp.
Althaea contains compounds which soften and add volume to thin and/or damaged hair.

All members of the mallow family have similar properties with hollhocks and common mallow occasionally used medicinally as well.

Science studies on Malva Sylvestris have shown efficacy for: Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidative and wound healing properties.
Malva sylvestris prefers moist woodland or partially shaded areas.

Arnica
Arnica montana
Arnica montana

Arnica has been used for medicinal purposes since the 1500s and remains popular today. Applied topically as a cream, ointment, liniment, salve, or tincture, Europeans and Native Americans have used arnica to soothe muscle aches, reduce inflammation, and heal wounds ( use only on unbroken skin).
It is often the first remedy used for injuries such as sprains and bruises.


British Pharmacopoeia Tincture, root, 10 to 30 drops.
United States Pharmacopoeia Tincture, flowers, 10 to 30 drops.

Do not confuse arnica with calendula!

Basil / Clove Basil
Ocimum gratissimum
Family: Labiatae
Ocimum gratissimum


also know as “Ram Tulsi"

Ocimum gratissimum has a wonderful Aromatic scent and is a medicinal herb used in tea, salads & cooking.
Valued for its properties as an antioxidant and ability to decrease pain and inflamation.
Function uses:
The above ground parts of the fresh plant have antibacterial & analgesic qualities which aid in reducing headaches, fever and improve digestive function, anticonvulsive, sedative, muscle relaxation.

The whole plant and the essential oil have many applications in traditional medicine. Preparations from the whole plant are used as stomachic and in treating sunstroke, headache and influenza.
The essential oil is applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases, including acne vulgaris.
Poison: The essential oil is also an important insect repellent.
Other products: A tea is made from the leaves, and also applied as a flavouring.
Essential oils: (3 yr expiry after steam distillation of leaves & stems)
The fresh aboveground parts of O. gratissimum contain 0.8-1.2% essential oil. The chemical composition of the oil is characterized by the main component: eugenol, thymol, citral, ethyl cinnamate, geraniol and linalool.
The oil has a powerful, warm-spicy aromatic odour, reminiscent of clove oil, but with a sweet-woody, almost floral top note.
The optimum harvesting time for distillation of the essential oil is when 3 branches per plant or 75% of the branches are flowering.

Plant in Spring+, sun or semi-shade. Quite hardy, needs less watering once established. Grows well from cuttings.

Bay - Laurel
Laurus nobilis
Laurus nobilis

Oil of bay, the fixed oil expressed from the leaves & berries, is used to treat arthritic aches and pains, lower back pain, earaches, and sore muscles and sprains.
Bay leaves are the source of an essential oil with the same analgesic and warming properties. Bay laurel contains parthenolides, the same chemical in feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) that is thought to prevent migraine headaches.

Preparation:
Bay laurel leaves are dried and used in cooking, mainly to flavor meats and stews and which aids digestion by removing intestinal gas and for combating abdominal pain.
Bay leaves can be taken in tea, used in herbal baths, and infused in oil.
Bay laurel oil is used topically to relieve pain. The oil has a herbaceous and spicy scent.

Bay laurel oil is said to be a good tonic for the hair, stimulating hair growth and fighting dandruff.

Caution: do not use if pregnant. Bay oil should not be taken internally.

Birch
Betula Alba
Betula Alba
Birch is known for its purifying and detoxifying effects. The plant encourages the excretion of fluids and promotes metabolic activities. Birch is a natural pain reliever containing salicylate, the compound found in aspirin. Salicylate relieves the inflammation and pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and generalized muscle pain.
The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory actions of birch bark support it's traditional uses in skin disorders such as eczema.
Birch calms arthritis and gout due to it's cleansing diuretic action that eliminates toxins and excess water.

Uses: Birch is useful for dermatitis, dull or congested skin, eczema, hair care and psoriasis. It is also helpful in cases of poor circulation, the accumulation of toxins in the muscles, for arthritis, rheumatism, muscular pains, edema and cellulite, loss of hair.

Therapeutic properties: analgesic, antiseptic, astringent, depurative, disinfectant, diuretic, febrifuge, insecticide and tonic.

Chemical composition: salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, betulene and betulenol.
Blends particularly well with benzoin, jasmine, sandalwood and rosemary.

Extraction: by steam distillation from the bark Betula alba (also known as B. alba var. pubescens, B. odorata, verrucosa or pendula), of the Betulaceae family and is also known as European white birch or silver birch.

Brahmi
Bacopa monnieri
Bacopa monnieri
This water loving plant is like Ginkgo biloba with it's capacity to improve circulation. It is well regaded as an aid for memory acquisition, retention and concentration. It supports brain function and is anti-inflamatory.

Calendula
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis

Plant pharmacological studies have suggested that Calendula extracts have anti-viral, anti-genotoxic( tumor) and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is anti-inflammatory & assists with wound healing, minor burns including sunburn, and for easing eczema. It can reduce redness and inflammation along with stimulating cellular repair and smoothing the complexion. It is excellent for skin conditions such as allergic dermatitis and eczema, minor wounds, burns, sunburn and bruising.

Great soothing and softening qualities. No known side effects.

Centella asiatica
Centella asiatica
Centella is a mild adaptogen, is mildly antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerogenic, anxiolytic, nervine and vulnerary, and can act as a cerebral tonic, a circulatory stimulant, and a diuretic.

Grows in warm swampy areas. Sensitive to pollution.

Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment of anxiety, reducing high blood pressure & jaundice.

Chick Weed
Stellaria Media
Stellaria Media

High in vitamins and minerals. Used externally to treat rheumatic pains, wounds and ulcers.

It can be applied as a medicinal poultice and will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there are fragile superficial veins or itching skin conditions.

The whole plant is used in alternative medicine as an astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, refrigerant, vulnerary.

Chamomile German
Matricaria
Chamomilla recutita

Chamaemelum nobile

This daisy like plant is an ancient healing herb, traditioanlly used for stress related disorders.
Chamomile tea aids digestion and promotes restful sleep.

It is soothing to the skin, anti-allergenic, anti inflamatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, mild sedative. This gentle oil can be used for treating children's ailments. Chamomile calms the nervous system and eases headaches, irratability and nervousness, promotes sleep.

It is particularly effective for treating allergies, itchy skin, eczema, acne, dermititis and inflamed skin conditions. Helps to relieve PMS and regulate periods.It stimulates white blood cell production and boosts the immune system: good for trating viruses or infections.

The oil has a fresh grassy smell with a fruity undertone and is extracted from the flowerheads by steam distillaton.
German chamomile is an annual herb, with long, erect stems that grow two to three feet tall.

Roman chamomileis ( Chamaemelum nobile or Anthemis nobilis) a creeping perennial herb that grows close to the ground, up to a foot in length.
The flower of the Roman Chamomile is characterized by a flattened receptacle, which distinguishes it from the dome-shaped receptacle of the German variety. A sure way to differentiate between the two varieties is to slice open the receptacle of each one. German chamomile has a hollow receptacle, while that of Roman chamomile is solid.

While the medicinal applications of both varieties parallel each other, German chamomile considered more potent and medically superior to Roman chamomile. It contains a higher proportion of chamazulene, an active chemical constituent. This compound is a potent anti-inflammatory that has proven highly effective as an herbal remedy for conditions such as arthritis, rheumatism and gastritis. Roman chamomile has little chamazulene, and thus has gentler anti-inflammatory properties. It also has a higher alcohol content than its German counterpart.

Scent Description:
Strong, warm, sweet, straw-like, herbacious aroma. Blends well with Geranium, Lavender, Patchouli, Rose, Neroli, Lemon, Ylang Ylang, Jasmine.

CAUTION: Do not use in the first trimester o pregnancy.

Chrysanthemum
morifolium

FamilyASTERACEAE
Florist's chrysanthemums were introduced to the West from China in the 18th century
Chrysanthemum is used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, fever, cold, headache, head congestion, dizziness, and swelling. Stimulates your senses, but also calming. While this tea will not make you sleepy, it is beneficial due to it's calming qualities to aid sound sleep.
Chrysanthemum flower is believed to be effective in treating eye pain associated with stress or yin/fluid deficiency. It is also used to treat blurring, spots in front of the eyes, diminished vision, and dizziness.
The tea brewed from the dried flowers has a golden hue and a mild, flowery flavor similar to chamomile. For Tea, boil the water and allow it to cool for about a minute to around 100°F. Then use between 3-6 dried flowers to 230ml /8 oz. cup of water.

People use it to treat respiratory problems, high blood pressure, and hyperthyroidism( over active thyroid). Fans of the flower also say it can reduce inflammation and calm your nerves. Also recommended for reducing fever and cold symptoms in the early stages

The herbal infusion made from the chrysanthemum is also used in reducing the elevated temperature in the body affected by fever, as well as to counter infection, and in detoxifying the body in general. Remedies made from the chrysanthemum can help bring relief from mild fevers and alleviate tension headaches. These remedies help bring soothing relief from a dry mouth or dryness in the throat, and are an aid in treating bad breath in people.

10 benefits of Chrysanthemum tea
How does it work? Chrysanthemum may increase blood flow to the heart. It may also increase sensitivity to insulin.

Preparation Methods & Dosage:
When making the tea, steep the flowers gently in hot water for no more than 10 minutes in a closed vessel, to preserve the essential oil.
Medicinal Uses:
* Allergies * Ayurvedic * Cardiovascular * Eyes/Vision * Flu * Hypertension * Sore Throat.
Properties:
* Anti-inflammatory * Antibacterial ( its terpenoids exert inhibitory action against microorginisms by disrupting their membranes.) * Aromatic * Demulcent * Febrifuge * Hepatic * Hypotensive * Refrigerant
Parts Used:
flowers
Constituents:
ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, calcium, fiber, folacin, iron, magnesium, niacin, potassium, riboflavin, essential oils.

Clove

Syzygium aromaticum
Syzygium aromaticum


Cloves may help ease nausea and treat colds. They may also help relieve the pain associated with headaches, arthritic inflammation, and toothaches. Cloves can also be used as part of a topical pain reliever. A study indicated that cloves could be used to treat fungal infections but further research is needed.

The active ingredient is eugenol, which is a natural pain reliever

Comfrey
Symphytum officinale
Symphytum officinale


How to make comfrey soluton

The roots and leaves contain the valuable cell-proliferant allantoin. It is a perennial herb of the family Boraginaceae with hairy broad leaves. Allantoin is absorbed through the skin, which speeds up the natural replacement of body cells by stimulating the growth of new cells.
Comfrey has been used through the ages to treat a wide variety of ailments ranging from bronchial problems, broken bones, sprains, arthritis, gastric and varicose ulcers, severe burns, acne and other skin conditions.see Wikipedia
Comfrey
has emollient properties which aid skin softening when used on chapped lips and cracked hands and feet.

Comfrey is an excellent source of vitamins A and C and is one of the few plants that can extract B-12 from the soil. It is also high in calcium, potassium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium.
Although comfrey root is highly esteemed as a vulnerary (healer of wounds), it has come under fire in recent years because it contains a group of alkaloids (pyrollizidine) that are considered hepatoxic (harmful to the liver.) It is not recommended for internal use.
Anacdotes of using comfrey

Note: For External use only & comfrey should not be applied to an open wound.

Cranberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos
&
Vaccinium macrocarpon

Having a bout of ulceritis or urine infection?

Ulcers usually result from a pathogen called H. pylori which attacks the lining of the stomach and small intestines, but cranberry juice can destory it fast.

It does this by preventing the pathogen from developing their flagella or tails which they use like a hook to attach to the linning of the gut. Without their tail they are washed out in natural urine flow. Cranberry juice is utterly effective & works fast to bring relief from buring stinging pain and discomfort.

Instead of turning to antibiotics, destroy the bacteria causing your ulcers and urinary tract infections with natural cranberries.

Echinacea
E.augustifolia
Echinacea

Echinacea has been used for thousands of years, used widely to treat colds, flu, bronchitis, and all types of infections, due to its antiviral, antifngal and antibacterial properties.
The root is the most active medicinal part used, harvested after flowering.

See: How Echinacea works

Eremophila maculata
Eremophila maculata
Spotted Emu Bush, Swamp Fuchsia, tolerant of alkaline and often saline environments.
Aboriginal medicine. Helps reduce cold symptoms.
Most forms of E.maculata strike readily from cuttings of hardened, current season's growth.
More data


Geranium robertianum

Common name:
Herb Robert
Geranium robertianum

Excellent for blood & cell oxygenation and contains the powerful antioxidants: vitamins A and C

Geranium. r is simultaneously a strong antioxidant, astringent, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory.

The stems of Geranium robertianum turn from green to reddish shades and support fern-like, bright green leaves that are finely divided and that will also turn to red after the blooming period, flowers are small (half an inch in diameter), pink and five-petaled

External Medicinal Use
Used externally, Geranium robertianum tea has anti-inflammatory properties; if diluted, it can be used as an eye wash to treat swollen eyelids. Thanks to its antiseptic and antibiotic action, it is also an effective wash that can cure eczema, acne, inflammation in wounds and ease bruising. The plant is recommended against a variety of skin conditions, brewed into tea or applied directly in poultices made of boiled leaves.

Modern herbalism values greatly the tea made from Geranium robertianum aerial parts because of its antidiarrhea, antirheumatic, diuretic, and astringent action. Additionally, it acts as a strong antiseptic, antibiotic, and antimicrobial product, enhancing improved immune response to potentially harmful pathogen agents.

Another therapeutical quality of this plant is its ability to enhance the electrical activity occurring within the cells, thus boosting energy levels, increasing cellular oxygen amounts and strengthening the immune system.

Under this form, Geranium robertianum relieves pain in swollen breasts, rheumatic joints, bruises, and it stops bleeding.

Tea preparation:

The most common form of remedy made from Geranium robertianum is a herbal infusion prepared from its dried (yet not crushed) leaves and flowers. A tablespoon of dry product is enough for a cup of hot water, and after mixing the two you have to let it soak over night. After filtering the resulting liquid, scald the solid plant residues with another cup of hot water and leave it cool until it reaches the room temperature.


Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba
ginkgo biloba
If you have access to a ginkgo tree, mid summer is the time to harvest and dry the leaves. Hot dry weather is best for drying the leathery leaves in pillow cases on top of the washing line. It takes about 2-3 days. Once they turn brittle and can be stomped into tiny pieces they are ready for the coffee grinder. Once pulverised to a fine powder store in zip lock bags or glass jars in the freezer. Gingko will keep all year in the freezer and can be added to your daily cereal.
Start with one teaspn up to 1 desertspn max & if you get flushed reduce the amount.

Why eat ginkgo?
It's helps increase circulation and is a wonderful aid for brain function.
Also helped me eliminate chilblains in winter.
You can harvest other memory herbs like: Brahmi Bacopa monnieri and Centella asiatica and combine them with ginkgo powder.

Note: These herbs that increase circulation have a slightly bitter taste, so I don't include them in salads. Happy harvesting!

Ginger
Zingiber officinale
ginger
Ginger and the yellow curry spice turmeric have long been known to help inflammatory diseases. But exactly why they work has only recently been discovered.

In inflammatory diseases, an inflammation-promoting protein known as nuclear transcription factor kappa B is produced. Ginger and turmeric, along with garlic and pepper, turn it off, thereby reducing inflammation.

Hypericum
St John's wort
Hypericum perforatum

Commonly known as St John's Wort, Hypericum has a very healing nature, and is excellent for all skin conditions. Hypericum Infused Oil is obtained from the flowers, leaves and small stems.
Well know for its use with anxiety and depression, and topically for wounds, abrasions, burns.

The infused oil from the petals can be used for burns and muscles and joint inflamations including tennis elbow, neuralgia & siatica.
A tea infusion can be used for anxiety, nervous tension or emotional upsets.
A wash can be used for wouds, sores and bruises.

Harvest in high summer.

Horehound
Marrubium vulgare
Marrubium vulgare

White horehound ( classified as a noxious weed in Sth Australia) is an anti-inflammatory and commonly used to treat coughs, and other respiratory ailments ie: bronchitis, whooping cough and asthma.

White horehound is an expectorant that loosens phlegm to produce a more effective cough by soothing the tissues in the bronchial pathway allowing mucus to be expelled more easily.

For more details:
The Herbal Resource
Wikipedia

Lavender
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender oil has a soothing and calming effect on the nerves, relieving tension, headaches, migraines and insomnia. Lavender oil relieves pain when used for rheumatism, arthritis, and muscular aches and pains.

Lavender oil tones and revitalizes and it is useful for all types of skin problems such as acne, oily skin, boils, burns, sunburn, wounds, psoriasis, insect bites, stings and also acts as an insect repellent.

Lemon Myrtle
Backhousia
citriodora
lemon myrtle is the high concentration of citral in its leaves. Citral comprises 90-98% of the essential oils in lemon myrtle, as opposed to less than 10% in lemons and limes. Some of the characteristics of citral include:
Citral is an anti-fungal agent, non-acidic, high in anti-oxidants.
Reported to aid /relieve: muscle cramps and spasms, rheumatism, headaches and fevers. Scientific studies have indicated that citral can inhibit the growth of the pathogen which is one of the causes of many gastro-duodenal diseases, including ulcers. It is also said to aid in the reduction of cellulite and the anti-oxidants in citral help boost the immune system.
Research by the Charles Sturt University (Wagga Wagga, New South Wales)demonstrated that the essential oil of Lemon Myrtle is more anti-bacterial and anti-fungal than that of Tea Tree oil. There have been a small number of doctors using the essential oil of Lemon Myrtle for treating conditions like tinea, eczema and other fungal skin conditions with success especially when chemical treatments are less preferred by patients.
Skyezone Hand & Body Repair ( high in lemon Myrtle oil) has certainly been helpful in reducing eczema.)

Lemon Myrtle’s botanical name is Backhousia citriodora. ‘Citrio’ is latin for citrus and ‘dora’ is latin for odour. The Backhousia name comes from a 19th century Australian botanist, James Backhouse.

Nepeta
Nepeta cataria

Traditional doses for sedation require 4 g of herb, usually given as a tea. A 15% lotion of the essential oil has been used as an insect repellant.

Infusion can be used to treat insomnia, inducing sleep (his slightly sedative effect is similar to the common Valerian). Tea For catnip tea, use 25 grams (about 1 ounce).
Boil for a few minutes in a liter (33 oz) of water and leave for 15 minutes.

Aside traditional herbal medicine, catnip has many other properties that are good for the hair and the skin.
This herb is non-toxic, acidic, antibacterial, antiviral and contains oils with many uses.
It’s also known as a specific treatment for irritated skin.
The plant is good for washing the face and does not irritate the eyes.

 

Olive Leaf
Olea europaea
Olea europaea

Natural olive leaf and olive leaf extracts (OLE), are now marketed as an anti-aging, immunostimulator and an antibiotic. A liquid extract made directly from fresh olive leaves recently gained international attention when it was shown to have an antioxidant capacity almost double green tea extract and 400% higher than vitamin C Wikipedia

The main constituent of olive leaf is the phytochemical oleuropein, which is broken down to elenolic acid, has a powerful anti-bacterial effect, and the ability to interfere with critical amino acid production essential for viruses.
Oleuropein has double the antioxidants as green tea and is recognised for lowering blood pressure.
Read more: www.therighttea.com/olive-leaf-tea.html

Plantain
Plantago major
Plantago major

Plantago minor

Plantain is a "First Aid" plant that is usually close-at-hand. A few fresh leaves, crushed or chewed, can be used to quickly stop the bleeding of an open wound, stop the pain and inflammation or bites and stings, and relieve the itching from bites & stings. A cup of strong Plantain tea will quell indigestion, and a chewed leaf placed next to the gum will quiet a painful toothache until reaching dental assistance.
The leaves and above ground parts are used in herbal preparations.
It is an astringent herb that has diuretic, expectorant and anti-mucus properties, as well as mild anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Plantian properties include but are not limited to:
The tannins tighten tissues, & the mucilage acts as a demulcent which helps to balance the astringent actions to heal and soothe damaged skin.

As a diuretic, Plantain increases urine flow, and its potent antiseptic properties make it effective in easing uterine infections.

It is suggested that plantain is a good source of powerful antitoxin, acubin. This can help treat blood poisoning, snake bite, spider bite.

Plantain contains salicylic acid, which is the natural forerunner of synthetic aspirin, and as such, has been effective in relieving pain, including neuralgic pain.

Plantain contains allantoin, an anti-inflammatory phytochemical that kills germs, speeds wound healing, and stimulates the growth of new skin cells (many commercial cosmetic creams and lotions list allantoin as an active ingredient)

Plantain has a very long medical history. Native Americans used Plantain widely and referred to it as "Life Medicine." Fortunately it grows just about everywhere.

Rue
Ruta graveolens
Ruta graveolens

In England Rue is one of our oldest garden plants, cultivated for its use medicinally.

While the plant has a disagreeable odour, as an ointment it is excellent for external use against gout, rheumatism, and sciatica.

Caution: Rue is not to be used by pregnant women.

Sage
Salvia officinalis

 

Also

Sage clary
Salvia sclarea

Ancient cultures, Chinese and Romans have long considered Sage to be 'a sacred plant', the king of herbs.
Sage is an astringent, antiseptic, tonic herb with a camphor like aroma. Internally it helps boost liver function, reduces excessive perspiration, anxiety.
Externally it can be used fo rinsect bites, throat, gumand skin indections.
It contains rosmaric acis that has good antioxidant properties, reinforced by picrosalvin alos found in sage.

HAIR: Sage helps regulate the sebum production of oil in the scalp.

SKIN: it helps refine texture, aid wound healing, sores, ulcers, dermatitis.
EYES: Vitamin A is a powerful natural antioxidant and is essential for eye-sight .

VITAMINS: Sage contains good vitamin A and beta-carotene levels. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A known to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. (100 g dry ground herb provides 5900 IU; about 196% of RDA.)

Sage is related to rosemary, and both herbs contain a phenolic acid called rosmarinic acid. This antioxidant is absorbed from food and acts to reduce inflammatory responses in the body. Increased intake of sage is recommended if you have inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, as well as bronchial asthma, and atherosclerosis.

Whether fresh or dried, Sage contains rich sources of minerals like potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.

Harvesting: Best just before or during flowering.
Propogation: Layering is effective when brances are peggged down and covered with earth to generate new plants.

NOTE: Not to be used by pregnant women or those with epilepsy, or on stimulants.


Sempervivum tectorum


common name:
Houseleek

semper (always) and vivo (I live)
Astringent, refrigerant, vulnerary (promotes healing of wounds)

Chemicals – malic acid, succinic acid, isocitric acid, tannins
Formulas or Dosages
Use only fresh leaves.
Infusion or decoction: use 1 tsp. leaves with 1 cup water.
Take 1 cup per day.

Tincture:
take 5-20 drops at a time. Also, can be applied to warts, ringworms, and skin blemishes.

Uses:
The herb particularly helps in reducing inflammatory conditions of the skin.
Leaves are crushed and applied as a poultice for treating skin related conditions such as – burns, ulcers, wounds, insect bites, sore nipples, eczema and corns.

The juice pressed from the leaves, used as eardrops, or the leaves themselves sliced in half, used for warts, corns, freckles, ringworms, boils, bruises, ulcers, erysipelas, and other skin blemishes.

An infusion of the leaves used internally, or a decoction used externally, for shingles, hemorrhoids, worms, and uterine neuralgia, rubbed gently on nettle stings or bee stings to reduce pain.

Tagetes lucida

also known as:
Mexican marigolds

Tagetes Oil is sedative to the nervous system and promotes sleep as it counters stress and anxiety.
The herbage of Tagetes lucida can be infused, boiled, or ground to produce a paste. The infusion of one bundle with water makes two to three cups of an aromatic tea, a sufficient dosage to produce profound stimulating and aphrodisiac effects.

MEDICINAL USES:
The leaves and whole plant are digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, hypotensive, narcotic, sedative and stimulant[3][11][7][5]. Use of the plant depresses the central nervous system, whilst it is also reputedly anaesthetic and hallucinogenic[5]. It is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, nausea, indigestion, colic, hiccups, malaria and feverish illnesses[5]. Externally, it is used to treat scorpion bites and to remove ticks[5]. The leaves can be harvested and used as required, whilst the whole plant is harvested when in flower and dried for later use[5]

The Aztecs used all species of Tagetes for medicinal purposes, such as in a tea made from the infusion of the fresh herbage to treat hiccups and diarrhea.
T. lucida promotes lactation, and it is also added to bath water to help relieve the symptoms of rheumatism (Siegel et al. 1977).
Up to 2 grams of the dried plant matter taken orally has been found in some to cause alertness, lucidity, a feeling of well-being, closed-eye visual and a warming of the body lasting 2-3 hours. Dream enhancement was also reported (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324).

A pleasant anise-flavored tea is brewed using the dried leaves and flowering tops. This is primarily used medicinally in Mexico and Central America http://entheology.com/plants/tagetes-lucida-marigolds/
In Argentina, a decoction of the leaves is taken for coughs, and can be applied topically on the skin as an insect repellent.
In India, juice from the freshly pressed leaves of marigolds is administered to treat eczema (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324).
Up to 2 grams of the dried plant matter taken orally has been found in some to cause alertness, lucidity, a feeling of well-being, closed-eye visual and a warming of the body lasting 2-3 hours. Dream enhancement was also reported (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324).

TRADITIONAL USES: Tagetes lucida, widely identified as a powerfully psychoactive strain of the marigold flower, was first documented by the Aztecs. They used Tagetes lucida in a ritual incense they referred to as yyauhtl. Aztecs used the leaves as a flavouring of 'chocolatl' a foaming cocoa-based drink.

CULINARY:
The leaves have a tarragon-like flavor, with hints of anise & can be used as a tarragon substitute. Can be used fresh or dried for flavoring soups, sauces etc.
The dried leaves and flowering tops are brewed into a pleasant anise-flavoured tea.
Snip off the last few inches from new fast-growing tips. Dried leaves are not as good. Better to freeze or store in vinegar. As with any aromatic herb, add to soups, sauces, chicken dishes, etc. near the end of cooking or the flavors will be lost to evaporation. A soothing, aromatic herbal tea is made from the leaves & herbal vinegars.

CULTIVATION
Light: Full sun or partial shade.
Moisture: Needs well-drained soil. Is fairly drought tolerant.
Frosts: may fill it to the ground but it will come back in spring.
Propagation: Usually propagated from stem cuttings, which root easily. You also can divide the roots.
Sow seeds at the end of winter. Only just cover the seed. Germination usually takes place within 2 weeks.

FOR GARDENERS:
http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Tagetes_lucida
Secretions from the roots of growing plants have an insecticidal effect on the soil, effective against nematodes and to some extent against keeled slugs[7], they also have an effect against some persistent weeds such as couch grass[8]. These secretions are produced about 3 - 4 months after sowing[7]. The growing plant also has a repellent effect on various insect pests such as the asparagus beetle and bean weevils[8][9].
A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[10]. The dried plant is burnt as an incense and to repel insects


Tagetes lemmonii
also known as:
'Passionfruit Marigold'

T. lemmonii is used in cooking and also has beneficial effects for the garden. Strongly passion fruit scented foliage with stunning gold daisy flowers covering whole plant in winter for aprox 2 months.
Oil is extrcted by steam distillation for the flowering arieal parts.
USES:
The oil has the ability to bring forth positive thoughts, reduce negativity and quiet the mind.
Aztecs used the flowers to lower blood pressure and calm nerves.
In China, the plant is used for coughs, colds, sores, and ulcers.
Flowers and leaves are edible and can be used in salad.
A tea infuson of leaves and flowers produces an aromatic body warming tea. ( warmth may last lasts 2-3hrs) A delightful breath freshner!

GROW:
Plant full sun to part shade. Can flower year round but mostly blooms in the colder months. Doesn't die off but bushes out and continues to bloom. Shade or cloudy days trigger the plant into flowering. Frost tolerant. Survives down to -7c but is still hot, dry and drought tolerant.

Tarragon
Artemisia dracunculus
French tarragon herb, is a popular culinary herb used as flavoring agent. This aromatic perennial growing herb is rich in phytonutrients as well antioxidants that help promote health and prevent diseases.
The main essential oils in tarragon are estragole (methyl chavicol), cineol, ocimene and phellandrene.
Fresh tarragon herb is one of the highest antioxidant value food sources among the common herbs. Scientific studies suggest that poly-phenolic compounds in this herb help lower blood-sugar levels.

Laboratory studies on tarragon extract shows certain compounds in them inhibit platelet activation. It, thus, helps prevent clot formation inside tiny blood vessels of heart and brain protecting from heart attack, and stroke.

MEDICINAL USES:
The herb is very rich source of vitamins such as vitamin-C, vitamin-A as well as B-complex group of vitamins such as folates, pyridoxine, niacin, riboflavin, etc., that function as antioxidant as well as co-factors for enzymes in the metabolism.

Tarragon is a notably excellent source of minerals like calcium, manganese, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium, and zinc. Manganese is utilized by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for cellular respiration (co-factors for cytochrome-oxidase enzyme) and blood cell production.

Tarragon herb has been used in various traditional medicines for stimulating the appetite and as a remedy for anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, and hiccups.

The essential oil, eugenol in the herb has been in therapeutic use in dentistry as a local-anesthetic and antiseptic for toothache complaints.

Tarragon tea may help cure insomnia.

GROWING TARRAGON
French tarragon a half hardy perennial herb, but frost tender.
It is propagated by division, or from cuttings. Requires a sunny or partial shade sheltered position with well drained soil. Keep well watered in dry weather. In autumn, mulch plants with a thick layer of straw or similar, to protect it over the winter. Tarragon prefers well-drained soil which is not too high in nutrients.

EATING:
Tarragon goes well with fish, pork, beef, poultry, game, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, and most vegetables. Tarragon can be used in cream sauces, herbed butters and vinegars, soups, sour creams, and yogurt. It can be overpowering in large amounts

Trifolium pratense
common name: Red Clover

The plant's medicinal value is found in its red and purple blossoms, which are dried to make tea.
Trifolium pratense is a tonic herb, especially for the skin, and especially for children. Its other actions are nervine, diuretic, antitumor/chemopreventive, blood purifying and blood building, expectorant, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory.
As a sedative and tonic.
To loosen phlegm and calm bronchial spasms.
Rosemary Gladstar says red clover is, “One of the best detoxification herbs and respiratory tonics,”

What is the recommended dosage?
As a sedative dose 4 g of blossoms.
As a source of estrogenic and antioxidant isoflavones. Extracts standardized on isoflavone content (Menoflavon, Rimostil) have been given to perimenopausal women in several clinical studies at daily doses of isoflavones 25 to 90 mg

Uses:
Chinese medicine has used red clover in teas as an expectorant. Russians recommend the herb for bronchial asthma. Traditionally, the herb has been used in treating breast cancer. Topically, it is used to accelerate wound healing and to treat psoriasis.

Red clover is considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones, which are water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens (known collectively as phytoestrogens). Red Clover is therefore used for hot flashes/flushes, PMS, breast enhancement and breast health as well as lowering cholesterol, improving urine production and improving circulation of the blood, to help prevent osteoporosis, to reduce the possibility of blood clots and arterial plaques and limiting the development of benign prostate hyperplasia.

Turmeric is a spice that contains the compound curcumin, an antioxidant that helps protect the body from free radical molecules that can damage cells and tissue.

Turmeric is used for the treatment of many conditions, including indigestion, ulcers, stomach upset, psoriasis, and even cancer. Some people with osteoarthritis turn to turmeric as a natural pain reliever because it helps relieve inflammation.

Violet
Viola odorata
Viola odorata

All varieties of violet have practically the same medicinal and edible herb values.
Tea made from the entire plant is used to treat digestive disorders and new research has detected the presence of a glycoside of salicylic acid (natural aspirin) which substantiates its use for centuries as a medicinal remedy for headache, body pains and as a sedative.

The plants constituents are being studied and show these uses to be valid. Eugenol, Ferulic-acid, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Scopoletin, also show promise in the treatment of many kinds of cancer, arthritis, AIDS, gum disease and more. Used externally the fresh crushed leaves reduce swelling and soothe irritations. As a bath additive the fresh crushed flowers are soothing to the skin and the aroma is very relaxing.

Witch Hazel
Hamamelis Virginiana
Hamamelis Virginiana


Is a traditional herb of the North American Indians and is widely used in both cosmetic and medicinal products.

Its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties on the skin can reduce bacteria, helping to prevent inflammation and the formation of acne.

Tannins in witch hazel help tighten pores and swollen veins, and reduce inflammation.

Yarrow
Achillea millefolium

Type: Herbaceous perennial. Family: Asteraceae Description: Yarrow is a small herb that grows up to a metre high, with pink-white flowers and feathery leaves. The aroma of the essential oil is warm, sweet and spicy. Used mainly as a Tea, with leaves & flowers
Oil Extraction: The essential oil is produced by steam distillation from dried yarrow flowers.

Colds: Yarrow is helpful for feverish colds, promoting perspiration, and for head congestion associated with colds and flu.

Treating wounds and open sores, including ulcers. It is a slow healer, but its astringent, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties make it effective.

Hair: stimulates hair growth.

Body: Yarrow is an excellent essential oil for the female reproductive system.

It also acts as a tonic for the circulatory system, making it useful for improving varicose veins, haemorrhoids and chilblains. It can be useful for high blood pressure, rheumatism, arteriosclerosis, and thrombosis.

Yarrow is useful is muscle strains and sprains.

As an aid to the digestive system it can help settle an upset stomach, and is helpful for colic and flatulence. It stimulates secretion of gastric and intestinal glands and improves sluggish digestion - these may indicate a usefulness in aiding irritable bowel syndrome. It can also improve appetite. Yarrow is helpful in cases of diarrhoea.

Futher information and references

Top Disclaimer: The information presented by Skyezone.net is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the NICNAS and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any suplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
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