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(White) Horehound Toffee ( Marrubium vulgare)           Recipe Index          

Ingredients
Large batch:
Makes two large fray pan trays
  1. 2liters of Horehound 'infused tea'(store leftover in fridge)
  2. 2 liters of sugar dry weight (1:1 ratio with juice) white or raw.
  3. 250ml honey ( more -> melts too easily)
  4. Peppermint essence approx 25ml
  5. 5.00gm beeswax
  6. 250ml icing sugar

Small batch:
Makes 1 frying pan quantity

  1. 2 cups Horehound 'tea' liquid
  2. 2 cups sugar
  3. 1/4 cup honey
  4. Peppermint essence approx 12ml
  5. 1/2 teaspn beeswax
  6. 1 cup icing sugar

Preparation Notes:
  1. With gloves on, pick approx 1.2 Ltr -dry weight- of Horehound leaf tips and wash 3-4 times. Now boil leaves in 2.5 Ltr of water for 10 mins. Leave this brewing tea in the saucepan to soak/steep overnight. This is sufficient for a large batch.
  2. Prep fry pan now: Line fry pan with silicone paper (glad bake paper is perfect) put into fry pan, and place jars in corners to hold it down till it moulds into shape.
  3. Use natural honey from Apiarist ( - not from supermarkets which is treated not to harden.) Store in glass so the jars can be placed in hot water to melt if needed.
  4. Note: When adding sugar it must ALL be dissolved BEFORE the tea-mix is allowed to boil. Constantly stir with wooden spoon.
  5. When adding peppermint essesence cover with a lid to prevent the vapor hitting you! It's strong.
  6. Hard Crack Test: Drop toffee into cold water and you will hear it crack when it's ready.
  7. If you have bees, shut the doors to keep them out while making toffee.
  8. NOTE: Don't make this if you don't have time to babdy sit it Start to Finish!
    Given a few mins innattention, if it can go wrong it will.
Method A. Boil Horehound juice. Turn off heat , add sugar
  1. A. Heat horehound 'brewed tea' to boiling point. Turn off heat
  2. Now add sugar till totally dissolved - must NOT boil until all dissolved. Then allow to boil
  3. B. After an hour In a SEPARATE saucepan combine honey & a few small beeswax chips. (wax helps improve chewiness) then take to boiling - till it reaches 'hard crack'
  4. Now add peppermint essence and cover with lid to retain vapor for 5 minutes.
  5. Pour into lined container base.
  6. Allow to sit and cool - careful it doesn't get too hard before scoring. Sprinkle with icing sugar before scoring to prevent sticking.
  7. Score with strong knife blade or make a metal ruler like "Phyll's creation" below. Thanks to Alby for making it!
  8. Score into small 5cent pieces or less
  9. Separate pieces and roll in icing sugar to avoid stickiness. Or wrap individual pieces.
  10. Store airtight in freezer.

NOTE: Don't make this if you don't have time to baby-sit it Start to Finish!
Given a few mins inattention, if it can go wrong, it will.

TO MAKE TINCTURE

  1. Wash leaves well.
  2. Crush / juice leaves then seive thru muslin or steralised stocking.
  3. Combine equal quantities melted honey & juice 1:1 ratio
  4. For every 200ml add 20ml clear spirit ie: vodka.

 

Dissolve sugar.  

Leave this saucepan
for the moment.

B. Separately mix honey & beeswax chips ( makes toffee chewy) and bring to boil.
  Boil to toffee 'crack point'
Now Combine A & B saucepans and boil to toffee 'crack point'

After crack point - add peppermint essence and replace pan lid to retain vapor for 5 minutes. The pour into pan with silicon paper lining

Allow to sit in pan to cool, once cooled sprinkle with icing sugar then score into small bite size pieces before it hardens.
Freez for 20 mins before cutting it up.
Press down to cut toffee
Roll cut pieces in icing sugar

Store cut pieces in airtight container in the freezer until required.
Storage - Refrigerate for daily use. Freeze for longer term storage
  1. Store with extra icing sugar in wide necked glass jar or plastic container. The toffee will stick together if left at room temperature, or left unwrapped or without icing sugar in the fridge.
  2. To Wrap: cut small sections of 'glad bake' silicone paper, and then add a wrapper of cellophane paper and twist the ends.
  3. Store in airtight containers.
Medicinal Uses

As a botanical medicine, Horehound has been a popular remedy for coughs, colds and chest problems since ancient times. Often taken in the form of a syrup.
Historically documented properties included, but are not limited to:
Antiseptic, Expectorant, Aids wound healing & eases nausea& treats intestinal worms.
The toffee taken regularly acts as a good anti-viral system booster. It is wonderful for sore throats, coughs wheezing and to reduce nausea, and to relieve or prevent a dry throat while exercising.

Horehound can be safely used by children as well as adults. It is often made into a syrup or candy in order to disguise its very bitter flavour, though it can also be taken as a tea. As a bitter tonic, it increases the appetite and aids digestion.

Growing ( White) Horehound ( Marrubium vulgare)

As this plant is considered a noxious weed, please grow in pots and only allow to flower if you are collecting the seed.
A member of the mint family, it is a square-stemmed perennial, growing to about twenty inches and having toothed, downy grayish leaves and a long woody stem that bears rings of double-lipped, white flowers that evolve into a burr containing a few brown or black seeds. Horehound is gathered in the spring but leaves can be picked at any time to make toffee.

Horehound prefers:
Well-drained poor soil; neutral to alkaline soil conditions and a warm sunny position.

Horehound leaves can be used fresh or dried. In the garden white horehound is a good companion for tomatoes.

Propagation
A.
Seeds: Germination can be slow. Separate seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and plant them out in the following spring.

B. Basal cuttings: in late spring. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot individually and keep in light shade or a greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant out when establish.

C. Division in spring. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps until they are rooting well.

Enjoy!
 
      
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